However, children suffer from this illness much more often.
The reasons and forms of a konyyuktivit – are diverse.
Depending on a disease form – the symptomatology differs a little, as well as the demanded treatment.
Conjunctivitis of eyes: types of a disease and reason
Inflammatory process of mucous membranes of an eye arises, generally because of hit of dust, viruses and fungal infections on mucous an eye. Because of the reduced immunity, the illness quickly progresses and, besides reddening and discomfort, can be followed by suppurations and gray-white allocations.
Conjunctivitis can affect as soon as one eye, and both is at once.
Konyyuktivit an eye proceeds in such forms:
- The bacterial
- The virus
- The allergic
The reason of this form of a disease, hit in eyes of bacteria – stafilokokk, streptococci, pneumococci, sticks of an influenza and Koch-Wixa, hlamidiya is.
Symptomatology of a current of this form of an illness is as follows: dryness of an eye and skin, reddening, feeling of gripes. Also often, but not always, bacterial conjunctivitis is followed by allocations of a dense and mucous consistence of different shades of the gray.
Allocations because of the consistence quickly dry in corners of eyes, than provoke adhesion of eyes. Especially it is felt in the morning.
At the reduced immunity, bacterial conjunctivitis can be chronic.
Separately classify hlamidiozny conjunctivitis – one of the most dangerous kinds of a form of a disease. It is possible to meet also such names of this type of a disease – clamidiosis of eyes and oftalxmohlamidioz.
About 30% of all adult population of different age are subject to this type of an illness. As a rule, arises against the main disease – clamidiosis of genitals. In too time, chlamydial conjunctivitis happens and at children, and develops against (or is the reason of complications) pneumonia, chlamydial rhinitis and a number of other serious illnesses for the child.
Mainly, danger of this type of an eye illness consists in long asymptomatic course. Because of it, the bacterium can be a long time in an organism and affect healthy cells, weakening immunity even more.
When the illness lets know about itself, she is marked out only on one eye, gradually migrating to other eye. The diseased notices reddening of mucous membranes of an eye, insignificant dacryagogue and a photophobia. In five days, the diseased feels pain in the lymph nodes which are behind auricles from the affected eye. Also in certain cases can develop evstakhiit.
Forms of manifestation of this type of a konyyuktivit are as follows:
- Trachoma, paratrachoma
- Basin conjunctivitis
- Hlamidiozny uveit
- Hlamidiozny meybomit
- Hlamidiozny episklerit
- The conjunctivitis which developed along with a syndrome of Reuters
Some strains of adenoviruses and viruses of herpes are the most probable cause of viral conjunctivitis.
As a rule, this form has acuity and affects both eyes. And, at first one eye, then – the second is surprised.
Symptomatology of this form of an illness is as follows: dacryagogue, puffiness, reddening and irritation mucous eyes.
As the virus konyyuktivit happens different types, its symptomatology can be different.
Types of viral conjunctivitis:
- The adenoviral
- The herpetic
- The epidemic
Adenoviral conjunctivitis has a form – highly infectious.
Group of risk – are children of younger and school age who actively contact to collective. The disease is transmitted through cough, sneezing and direct hit of a virus on mucous membranes of eyes. The activator are: 3,4, 7 and 7a, and also 10 and 11th adenoviruses.
The initial symptomatology of an illness is shown by a fever, temperature increase, a headache and a sore throat, feelings of dryness of a throat. Besides, cough, weakness and general malaise.
Then, the symptomatology is shown in the eyes – they redden, inflame, and conjunctivitis begins, actually. Thus, visual acuity isn't broken, corneas – aren't involved.
If this form of an illness arose at adults, it proceeds much more difficult and is transferred hard.
The incubatory period of an illness makes – 8dney then the new wave of its manifestation begins. Temperature increases, there is an expressed nazofaringit. Further, the illness flows in the second wave of development.
On the second wave, the illness is shown by an inflammation of mucous membranes of both eyes, there is a puffiness of eyelids, lachrymation increases and there are allocations from eyes.
The adenoviral konyyuktivit an eye can proceed in such forms:
- The catarrhal
- The filmy
- The follicular
The catarrhal form proceeds about a week. It is shown not by considerable reddening and lachrymation. There can be insignificant allocations.
The film form strikes more 25%bolnykh with an adenoviral konyyuktivit. It is shown by emergence of gray-white thin films on a mucous membrane of an eye. These films are easily eliminated and seldom happen dense. Also seldom accustoming to drinking of films meets a konyyuktiva surface. If it takes place additional inspection on diphtheria is necessary
The follicular form of adenoviral conjunctivitis is shown by emergence of small bubbles on a mucous membrane of eyes.
The herpetic konyyuktivit an eye
Following from the name, this form of an illness is excited by a herpes virus. Children, however, many cases and defeats of adults are subject to it mainly.
The main difference of this form of a konyyuktivit is existence of rashes on skin of eyelids and herpetic bubbles on mucous membranes of an eye. Together with it there are traditional symptoms of conjunctivitis – reddening, hypostasis, dacryagogue and a photophobia.
This illness, as a rule, demands long-term treatment and a number of the fixing procedures.
The epidemic konyyuktitvit
Adults are subject to this illness. Very quickly extends as is infectious. As a rule, are ill "collectively". It is transferred through any public subjects and even through money.
Its danger consists that a virus, being in an organism week – in any way isn't shown. Only later this time there are first symptoms.
- General notable weakness and sleep disorder
- Feelings of "impurity" of eyes, are observed allocations and reddenings of eyes
- Puffiness and dacryagogue, are in certain cases formed thin films which are easily eliminated
- The feeling of loss of visual acuity is possible
Feature of an illness is that at undergone it, the person, immunity to an illness is forever developed.
It is rather popular form of an illness of eyes. Allergens which get on mucous membranes of eyes are the reasons of its emergence. It can be components of cosmetics and even remedies, vapors of oils, pollen, some plants and so on.
Both children and adults are to the same extent subject to this form of conjunctivitis. The symptomatology of a course of an illness – is identical, both at children, and at adults.
- Infection of both eyes – at once
- Considerable hypostasis of eyelids
- Reddening, lachrymation
- Feeling of burning and gripes in eyes
- Considerable itch of eyelids
- The painful feelings caused by bright light
- Purulent and mucous allocations from eyes
This form of a disease of eyes, is shown practically at once and disappears after elimination of allergens.